fifth of july

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on fifth of july. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality fifth of july paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in fifth of july, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your fifth of july paper at affordable prices with !



From the beginning of the play The Heidi chronicles we can see already that Heidi is concerned about the dominating role of men over women. The whole meaning of the play becomes about Heidi herself and her role as a woman in society. The problem is that Heidi does not know what exactly her role as a woman in an 80s society. In the Heidi’s fraise “And you sort of want to dance, and sort of want to go home, and you sort of don’t know what you want. So you hang around, a fading rose in an exquisitely detailed dress, waiting to see what might happen, ”(scene ) she reflects her doubts.

Fran represents a strong person, a fundamental feminist. Her words“ You either shave your legs or don’t”-separate women into two groups according to Fran’s standards mothers and wives at home and strong and independent women. Unlike Fran, Heidi is unsure on which side she wants to be. Supposedly she is feminist. She works as a professor, specializing in Women’s art during the Renaissance, which basically shows her concern about the ignored place of women painters prior to the 0th century. But she is not a painter; she is an observer of these paintings, as well as of her life itself. As a woman, she enjoys the attention she receives from men, but she “covet(s) her independence.”(Pg.167) “To shave your legs or not to shave?”(pg.178) is the question Heidi is trying to find an answer to throughout the whole play. She is a humanist who is trying to find happiness in men and family, but afraid to let go her personal freedom and independence.

Even though, Heidi has a chance to have a relationship and a family with a man, Scoop, who is interested in her as an attractive woman, she still is trying to hold her position as an independent woman. Later in the play Scoop gets married to Lisa, a perfect example of wife and mother, and an image of what real women ought to be, which shows the desire of majority family orientated men to marry a woman beneath him, with fewer ambitions than him everything which Heidi is not. On the other hand, Heidi dreams of having a family one day, but now she is too involved with self realization and fulfillment. She has doubts about herself. Scene three opens with Heidi meeting Susan for lunch. Susan is an executive, a far cry from her earlier persona, but not so far a cry when one stops to consider her character. “ Susie, do you ever think that makes you a person is also what keeps you from being a person?”(pg.4), Heidi asks. The translation of her question would be” Does being feminist keep me from being a woman?” Unlike her friend Fran, whom she met in her earlier years, a fundamental feminist and a lesbian who is not alone among women like her, Heidi suspects that the other side of the coin of being a feminist is loneliness, which is why she is dreaming of becoming a mother one day. But years go by and Heidi still is not sure of what she wants to be. At the end of the play she makes a last attempt to fulfill herself as a woman, to be loved by a man, Peter, a friend with whom she has a spiritual connection. But it is too late, Peter is too much involved in his personal drama, and he is not the same person he used to be, although he still has that connection with Heidi. Observing her life from outside and waiting for things to happen, she becomes lonely. Consciously she realizes that, but she does not want to admit the truth. In the last scene, when Scoop comes to visit her and her adopted daughter, Heidi talks about her daughter will never think that she is worthless, “And maybe, just maybe, things will be a little better. And yes, that does make me happy.”(Pg.47)

The play ends with Heidi holding up her daughter in front of a banner for a Georgia O’Keefe retrospective, a woman artist who found her own way in life. Heidi is finally finding a sense, of who she is amidst of the turmoil of the world, and how she wants to face the world knowing who she is.

livepaperhelp.com



The Heidi Chronicles is a story that is more than a story of one woman. It reflects a culture that was challenged and what happened to those who did the challenging.

At the heart of The Piano Lesson is a brother and a sister couple at war over the question of using the family legacy. Bernice, the sister , fiercely protects the piano from being sold. She figures as the guardian of the family’s past. Unlike other characters, the stage notes for Bernice are somewhat sparse, describing her as a thirty-five-year-old mother still mourning for her husband, Crawley. She blames her brother, Boy Willie, for her husband’s death, remaining ever skeptical of his bravado and chiding him for his rebellious ways.

Bernice still constantly thinks about Crawley and has refused to re-marry. Though the play ultimately stages her seduction by Lymon-in some sense to recuperate her femininity, it is crucial that she figures as a woman-in-mourning. In this respect, she doubles as her mother, Mama Ola, a woman who, in her mourning for her husband, spent the rest of her days attending to the piano that cost him his life. Bernice will continually invoke her memory against her brother and his own appeals to his farther, thus appearing as heir to a certain maternal legacy. Indeed, her mother led her to the piano in the first place.

Bernice’s brash, impulsive, and fast talking a brother, the thirty-year-old- Boy Willie introduces the central conflict of the play. Coming from Mississippi, he plans to sell the family piano and buy the land his ancestors once worked as slaves. His impulse is to use the family’s legacy practically-that is, convert it into capital. In this sense, Willie will appear guilty of a denial or turn away from his family’s traumatic past.

Boy Willie approaches everything with a certain boyish and occasionally crude bravado. He is especially vehement on questions of race. Declaring himself the equal of the white man, he continually refuses to accept the racial situation that he imagines the others accommodate themselves to. Thus he insists that he lives at the “top” rather than the “bottom” of life and remains intent on leaving his mark on the world. Aware of the fear he arouses in whites, he knows that he wields the “power of death”-that is, the power both risk one’s life and kill if necessary-that equalizes all men. Though the white man may wield the legal and political authority to punish him, he will only follow laws that he considers just.

Both plays reflect women’s views about their roles throughout the history. In The Piano Lesson women represented as devoted mothers that do not realize yet the potential of being independent from their husbands, but they have strong personalities, strong enough to oppose men’s opinion. Where in The Heidi Chronicles women fight to change a major point of views about women in 80s and their roles in the society. The similarity of the characters, Heidi and Bernice, comes from their femininity. They both strong and independent from men women, each one of them in unique way, but they cannot fight with a fact of being a woman and a philological need to be loved by a man.

Please note that this sample paper on fifth of july is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on fifth of july, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on fifth of july will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Emerson Essay

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Emerson Essay. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Emerson Essay paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Emerson Essay, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Emerson Essay paper at affordable prices with !



A person’s heart never lies. In order to be truly happy a person must follow what her heart is telling her to do. Sometimes it may seem like the wrong thing to do, but in the end the heart conquers all.

The heart is the only thing that will lead a person in the right direction. WHen a person follows her heart, it will bring only good to her life. Though it may take sometime for a person to realize how good it really was. When a person is trusting herself, she is relying on her heart to bring her through what ever obstacle life has thrown in her path.

The iron string is a bond to the heart that can not be broken. It is always going to tell a person what the right thing to do is, or what direction to go. If a person chooses to use this, success will follow.

A person should not go along with someone else. People should use their own judgement. Only they know what is right according to their heart. They should also do it for themselves. When You trust thyself, you are the only one that matters. If others do not like your decision, it does not matter. It is your life and Yours alone.

livepaperhelp.com



The iron string is also a gate way to the brain. IT signals the message to follow your hear. The heart is the only thing that will lead a person in the right direction. WHen a person follows her heart, it will bring only good to her life. Though it may take sometime for a person to realize how good it really was. When a person is trusting herself, she is relying on her heart to bring her through what ever obstacle life has thrown in her path.



Please note that this sample paper on Emerson Essay is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Emerson Essay, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on Emerson Essay will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Dr. King vs. Malcolm X

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Dr. King vs. Malcolm X. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Dr. King vs. Malcolm X paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Dr. King vs. Malcolm X, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Dr. King vs. Malcolm X paper at affordable prices with !



The African American movement of the sixties was by far the most progressive step for racial equality in the history of the United States. But in this movement two extremes emerged that, while fighting for the same end, took very different approaches and audiences. On one end of the spectrum there was Dr. Martin Luther King with his passive and nonviolent approach to achieving equality. He spoke to white officials and middle class citizens, a relatively educated bunch who would rather live with injustice than start a war over it. On the other end of the spectrum there was Malcolm X, a leader of the Black Panthers, a black nationalists group, who promoted violent and immediate action to bring change. His speeches were directed towards the uneducated and afflicted. His language was simpler but far more volatile. Dr. King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” and Malcolm X’s “Ballots or Bullets” speech are prime examples of their differing rhetorical approaches to the racial injustice around them. Both pieces are calling for racial equality but their means of reaching it are quite different.

In King’s letter he is writing in response to the criticism of his fellow clergymen His immediate audience is the clergymen but his comments are also directed towards the American people and their actions, or lack there of, in the movement. He opens his letter by citing several of the respected organizations he runs or is involved with. From there, his letter continues with a logical but emotionally appealing argument showing the audience how unjust the laws are and the reasoning for his current actions. He even refers to several historic and biblical cases to support his stance. This calm, collected and intelligent argument presents him as force to be reckoned with. King is able to show he is rational human being who wants to discuss and find results to a problem that is prevalent throughout the nation. He can persuade the angry black man to calm down, the passive followers to take a stand and the high and mighty white men to step down and listen for a few minutes. He does not rant, rave or make threats to get his point across. He calmly gives a set of legal and moral reasons that change must come about and his reasoning behind their current action.

Malcolm X, in the other hand, is not trying to discuss his issue with his fellow community leaders. His main goal is to rally the masses behind his cause. He explains, “You can get a whole lot of small people and whip hell out of a whole lot of big people. They haven’t got anything to lose, and they have everything to gain.” His theory is there is strength in numbers and when a group is large enough and upset enough about a common cause, changes happen. Malcolm X is not worried about proving his credibility or impressing his audience with his vast knowledge. He wants to speak to the “average Joe” not the slow working and backwards thinking government. His diction is simple and volatile. Grammatical and logical errors are found throughout, but they are not what he is worried about. He is speaking in a language that his audience had been raised with and understands best. Malcolm X’s tone is often extreme and never comes near the calm and rational tone of King but for his specific audience it may be the optimum approach.

In King’s speech he is working towards equality between the races. He sees that separate is inherently not equal and therefore must end. He discusses why these changes must happen and why simply ignoring the issue is the worst possible state of mind. He explains that he has “tried to stand between [the] two force, saying that we need to emulate either the “do-nothings” of the complacent nor the hatred and despair or the black nationalist.” King wants to discuss the issues and work through it together, as a nation. He is willing to concede on several points while never bending on the truly important issues. His goal is not to condemn the entire white population but accept the faults and weaknesses of all races and work towards overcoming them.

livepaperhelp.com



Malcolm X, on the other hand, has no hope for the white population. He does not encourage integration, rather demands retribution for the damages done. He believes it too late for these separate races to live in harmony. The damage has been done and there is no repairing or moving past it. Occasionally, he downplays his excessively bold statements with comments such as “it doesn’t mean we are anti-white, but it does mean we’re anti-exploitation, we’re anti-degradation, we’re anti-oppression.” Indicating that he has nothing against white skin only white practices, but then later he contradicts himself on many occasions, making his true feelings evident. There are many instances where he says outright he is not for or against a specific issue or item but forever after hints at his actual stance. King wants to work with his oppressors while Malcolm X is disgusted with them and wants nothing but to be left alone.

Another major difference between King and Malcolm X is their use of logic versus passion. No one can deny they both feel strongly about their subjects. They are will to give their lives in the fight for this cause and that should be respected. There is a heavy dose of passion in both pieces and it adds to the power of the piece but an excess of this passion can do more harm than good. King is able to keep a level head throughout his letter. He is suffering the same amount of persecution as any equal rights leader. He has unjustly done jail time for his beliefs and suffered in countless other ways but he still keeps his temper and ability to reason. People listen to this intelligent and calm argument for equal rights for all. He passionately stands for what he believes in without losing control.

Malcolm X, on the other hand, has lost this ability. For the majority of the piece he sounds like he is in a rage. Generalizations run rampant and his logic is often either blatantly false or poorly presented. Had he audience been more eructated and not so abused by the system they would see the fallacies in his argument. This excessively passionate speech deters from the message he might have been able to pass along. The only audience he could pull in with this irate exclamation is the angry and uneducated. Though this may have been a partial goal of his, leading a army comprised of these type of people will not get far. It caused government agencies to more nervous than they already were. It bordered on inciting a riot, with plenty of support to back up the charges. Statements like “You’ve made me go insane, and I’m not responsible for what I do” or “If it’s necessary to form a black nationalist army, we’ll form a black nationalists army. It’ll be the ballot or the bullet. It’ll be liberty or death” are bound to cause more problems than solutions. If he had toned thing down he may have lost one or two of his bandwagon listeners but could have achieved much more in the end.

Both speeches had their positive traits and in the right time and place could serve a useful purpose. King used logic, reasoning and facts to support his stance but in the process may have lost the common man under this avalanche of information. References to over a dozen historical or biblical references can make anyone’s head spin. He tried to keep it simple but education was limited, especially to the African-American population. Through no fault of their of own, schooling was very limited as well as the professions they could use that education. While King did a very notable job considering the vast differences of understanding in his audience he still lost some in the confusion. Also, his somewhat passive tone would not result in immediate action. A lot of time will be wasted discussing, filibustering and deliberating in various community and government groups. For many people this was no longer a tolerable issue. Malcolm X, on the other hand, was in no way passive. He went to the opposite extreme. He demanded immediate action for equal rights. He was willing to go to whatever was necessary to get results. This willingness pulled many who were tired of waiting into his flock. He attracted an army of the angry and oppressed. He would not be able to draw the educated calm in as followers. His lack of logic and angry tone would push the more mild audiences away, leaving him a very difficult audience to lead.

Too much of the white world Malcolm X was an unstoppable threat. He promoted violence as a solution for a problem they simply wanted to ignore. His hate and lack of hope for the white population as a whole was foreboding to those who did not support him. While King did not make the white population comfortable, he did not scare them like Malcolm X did. He still had hope that all nationalities could live together in peace despite their rocky history. But as mentioned before King wanted to speak to both the white and black population. Malcolm X had given up all hope for the white race and only saw the colored world worth speaking to. It is these differences in beliefs that created the great separation between their styles even though they were both fighting for racial equality.



Please note that this sample paper on Dr. King vs. Malcolm X is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Dr. King vs. Malcolm X, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on Dr. King vs. Malcolm X will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Chlamydia

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Chlamydia. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Chlamydia paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Chlamydia, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Chlamydia paper at affordable prices with !





Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that if untreated can cause serious damage to a person body. Chlamydia usually doesn’t have any noticeable symptoms and can go undetected. Many people don’t usually know whether or not they have the disease. Chlamydia can be passed from a mother to her fetus. Chlamydia is contracted through vaginal, anal, oral sex. No one is immune to sexually transmitted disease. People can reduce their chances of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease by using protection every time they have sex, up to 85% of women & 40% of men have no symptoms untreated Chlamydia leads to PID or male infertility.

Chlamydia is cause by the organism trachomatis, which causes inclusion conjunctivitis and trachoma. Trachoma causes the cornea to become cloudy & may lead to blindness (gsbs.utmb.edu). “Chlamydia [it] is the leading cause of infertility” (Chlamydia What You Should Know). “Chlamydia is spread vaginal and anal intercourse” (Planned Parent Hood). Chlamydia [it] is thought to be the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States… (Chlamydia). Chlamydia has about the same symptoms as gonorrhea. In many cases people don’t have any symptoms at all. “About 70% of individuals infected with chlamydia do

A.S.

live paper help



not know they have an infection” (Chlamydia). Chlamydia could lead to rectal infections or cause proctitis (Chlamydia).

When the symptoms of Chlamydia occurs, they usually appear within one to three weeks of exposure (Chlamydia’s Quick Cure). The symptoms in men “…includes burning when urination, discharge from the end of the penis, tenderness or pain in the testicles, lower abdomen, fever and chills.” The symptoms in women may include a “…urinary burning, increased frequency, and mild urethral discharge” (Chlamydia).

Chlamydia in women can become very serious if it goes untreated. “Infection of the female reproductive tract can include the Bartholin ducts, vagina, cervix, endometrium, and fallopian tubes” (Chlamydia). Untreated Chlamydia may result in (PID) pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause infertility. It leads to scanning of the fallopian tubes, which leads to ectopic or tubal pregnancy (Chlamydia What Should You Know). “Women with PID of the fallopian tubes are 7-10 times more likely than other women to have ectopic pregnancies (Planned Parent Hood). Women infect babies unintentionally. More than 180,000 babies are born with eye infection or

4 A.S.

pneumonia. Chlamydia is the leading cause of neonatal conjunctivitis, an eye infection that can cause blindness (Planned Parent Hood).

“Chlamydia may also result in adverse outcome of pregnancy, including neonatal conjunctivitis and pneumonia” (Facts about Chlamydia). Many women who have untreated Chlamydia develop PID. 40% of women get PID, 0% of those women will become infertile, 18% will experience debilitating chronic pelvic pain, and % will experience life threatening tubal pregnancy (Facts about Chlamydia). The cases of Chlamydia are increasing yearly. In 17 56,65 cases were reported and in 1 more than 650,000 cases were reported (Chlamydia in the United States). Many cases go unreported simply because people don’t know they’re infected. Approximately “ million cases occur annually” (Chlamydia in the United States).

Chlamydia is known as the “Silent epidemic “ (Chlamydia Quick Cure) because many people never know that they’re infected with the disease. “Chlamydia is ‘a very insidious disease,’” says Hitchcock. “Because it rarely causes symptoms, people don’t know they’re infected. So they don’t get treated, and they infect their partners, who also don’t get treated.” (Chlamydia’s Quick Cure). “

5 A.S.

million American women & men become infected with Chlamydia every year. Chlamydia is 4 times as common as gonorrhea, more than 0 times as common as syphilis [and is] the most common among women & men under 5. For every person with herpes, there are 6 with Chlamydia” (Planned Parent Hood).

Young adolescent girls are big targets for Chlamydia “…because of the characteristics of the cells that form the lining of the cervical canal.” (Chlamydia). “As many as 1 in 10 adolescent girls tested for Chlamydia is infected.” (Some facts about Chlamydia). “… 15-1 year-old girls represent 46% of infections and 0-1 year-old women represent another %.” (Some facts about Chlamydia).

There are some factors that may increase a woman’s chance of contracting Chlamydia; such as

“…evidence that hormones in the birth control pill may change the cervix in the ways that make it more open to chlamydia infections. However, women who take the pill have a lower risk of developing PID from chlamydia than women who don’t.” (Planned Parenthood).

A person that suspects they might be infected with chlamydia or any other sexually transmitted disease should be screened. A person should be screened at least once a

6 A.S.

year regardless if they think something could be wrong. Chlamydia could also lead to things other than PID. “Recent research had shown that women infected with chlamydia have a -5 fold increased risk of acquiring HIV, if exposed.” (DSTD facts).

Antibiotics usually treat and cure chlamydia. “ Early treatment can prevent lasting damage to a person’s reproductive system.” (springnet.com). The most common treatments are a single dose of azithromycin or a week (twice daily) of doxycycline. (DSTD facts). Other prescriptions for chlamydia include tetracycline twice a day for 10 days, erythromycin and sulfisoxazole four times a day for 10 days, and amoxicillin three times a day for one week. (drkoop.com). “Avoid sex or use condoms for at least one week while you and your partner (s) are taking medicine, even if it a single-dose medicine.” (springnet.com). There are some medications that women should not take while pregnant because they could harm the baby. (springnet.com).

Chlamydia is an internal disease, therefore women are more likely than men to contract the sexually transmitted disease from unprotected sex. (springnet.com). No one is entirely safe from Chlamydia; “the only sure way… is to

7 A.S.

avoid contact between the penis, vagina, mouth, and anus.” (springnet.com).

Chlamydia costs the United States more than $ billion annually. The screening and treatment programs are estimated to cost an additional $175 million. Although, the screening and treatment save the United States money; approximately $1 for every $1 spent on the treatments. (DSTD facts).

In conclusion, Chlamydia can be treated with certain medication. Untreated Chlamydia can cause serious internal complications. Chlamydia is the most reported sexual trasmitted disease today.



no bibliography

Please note that this sample paper on Chlamydia is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Chlamydia, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on Chlamydia will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois paper at affordable prices with !





William Edward Burghardt DuBois and, Booker Taliaferro Washington are two of the most influential Black men of the 0th century. They sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic progress. Their opposing philosophies can be found in much of today’s discussions over how to end class and racial injustice, what is the role of black leadership, and what do the “haves” owe the “have nots” in the black community.

Booker T. Washington

Booker Taliaferro, was born a slave on April 5, 1856 in Hales Ford Virginia. The son of a white man who did not acknowledge him, and a slave woman named Jane Burroughs. Later his mother married the slave Washington Ferguson, and when Booker entered school, he took the name of his stepfather, and became known as Booker T. Washington.

livepaperhelp.com



Booker’s childhood was one of privation, poverty, slavery, and backbreaking work. On September , 186 Lincoln issued The Emancipation Proclamation, but of course it could not be enforced until the end of the Civil War in 1865. Like many blacks after the Emancipation, Washington wanted an education. Despite the exhausting days he used his free time to go to school. When he was 16 he decided he wanted to go to Hampton Institute in Virginia. He did not know if he could get in, and if he got in, he didn’t know how he was going to pay for it, but in 187, he showed up on their doorstep flat broke and hungry.

Hampton Institute was started and run by General Samuel Chapman Armstrong. Armstrong and the institution he created were to become the one great influence in Washington’s life. Armstrong’s purpose was to train black teachers he believed every student should have a trade as well. Washington’s trade was being a janitor. Later when Washington developed Tuskegee Institute, it emphasized these same qualities and convictions.

After graduation from Hampton, Washington became a teacher in Tinkersville, West Virginia for three years. In 1878 he left to attend Wayland Seminary in Washington DC, but quit after six months. In 187 Armstrong asked him to return to Hampton Institute as a teacher. Washington did so, and then in 1881 Armstrong recommended him as the principal of a new school called Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee Alabama. At Tuskegee, Washington developed a vocational curriculum that emphasized carpentry, printing, tinsmithing, and shoemaking. Girls also took classes in cooking and sewing, and boys studied farming methods. All students received instruction in manners, hygiene, and character.

Washington was known as a racial accommodationist. He rejected the pursuit of political and social equality with whites in favor of developing vocational skills and a reputation for stability and dependability. In a famous 185 address, Washington urged African Americans to “cast down your buckets where you are,” basically meaning, we should remain in the Jim Crow south, and tolerate racial discrimination rather than make what he considered intemperate calls for equality. “In all things that are purely social,” he said, “blacks and whites can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress.”

Through Tuskegee, Washington built a political machine based on the financial backing of a coalition of northern financiers, members of the white Southern elite, and conservatives attracted by his accomdationist rhetoric and vigorous espousal of the principle of self help. His admirers included Theodore Roosevelt, and in 101 consulted him as an advisor on racial issues and southern political patronage. In this year he also wrote his famous Up From Slavery, his autobiography. Washington in turn used his wealth, and power to finance challenges to Jim Crow laws and invest in selected black newspapers.

Washington’s philosophy of racial uplift was bitterly opposed by some African American intellectuals, most notably WEB DuBois. Booker T. Washington believed that blacks should not push to attain equal civil and political rights with whites. That is was best to concentrate on improving their economic skills and the quality of their character. “The burden of improvement resting squarely on the shoulders of the black man. Eventually they would earn the respect and love of the white man, and civil and political rights would be accrued as a matter of course.” This was a very non-threatening and popular idea with a lot of whites. Washington kept his white following by conservative policies and moderate utterances, but he faced growing black and white liberal opposition in the Niagara Movement (105-0), and the NAACP (10-), groups demanding civil rights and encouraging protest in response to white aggressions such as lynchings, disfranchisement, and segregation laws. Washington successfully fended off these critics often by underhanded means. Washington’s speaking tours and private persuasion tried to equalize public educational opportunities and to reduce racial violence. These efforts were generally unsuccessful, and eventually Washington’s leadership of blacks began to decline. It became apparent that the white people that had gained control of Southern institutions after Reconstruction did not want the civil and political status of blacks to improve-regardless of how hard they worked or how much character the had. They passed laws to keep them from voting and to keep them from mixing with whites in schools, stores and restaurants. The year of Washington’s death marked the beginning of the Great Migration from the rural South to the urban North. Washington’s racial philosophy, pragmatically adjusted to the limiting conditions of his own era, did not survive the change. Many Blacks came to believe that a more forceful, demanding approach was needed. They turned to the leadership of those such as WEB DuBois.

William Edward Burghardt DuBois

William Edward Burghardt DuBois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts on rd February 1868. Three years after the end of the Civil War. His mother Mary Silvina Burghardt, died in 1884 and DuBois was forced to find work as a timekeeper in a local mill.

Encouraged by Frank Hosmer, the principal of Great Barrington High School, DuBois won a scholarship to Fisk University in Nashville. To help pay for his studies DuBois taught in rural Tennessee during summer vacations. This gave him first hand experience of Jim Crow laws and turned him into a civil rights activist.

After graduating in 1885, DuBois spent two years at the University of Berlin before returning to the United States. DuBois now had a strong interest in African American History, and went to work at Harvard University to work on his dissertation, The Suppression of the African Slave Trade. In 185 DuBois became the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard.

In 187 DuBois began teaching economics and history at Atlanta University. In 10 he published his ground breaking The Souls of Black Folks. This included an attack on Booker T. Washington for not doing more in the campaign for African American civil rights. DuBois’ own solution to this problem was to form the Niagara movement in 105. The group drew up a plan for aggressive action and demanded manhood, suffrage, equal economic and educational opportunities, and end to segregation and full civil rights. The Niagara Movement had little impact on influencing those in power and in February 10, DuBois joined with other campaigners for African American civil rights to form the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP).

In 110 DuBois returned to his attack on Booker T. Washington and his Tuskegee Institute movement. He made the statement, “We are compelled to point out that Mr. Washington’s large financial responsibilities have made him dependent on the rich charitable public and that, for this reason, he has for years been compelled to tell, not the whole truth, but that part of it which certain powerful interests in America wihs to appear as the whole truth.”

DuBois’ experience in the South caused him to reject the accomodationist methods of Booker T. Washington, and to press for public protest against racial violence and discrimination. He advocated the development of an intellectual elite, which he called the “talented tenth”, of African Americans to provide leadership for the race, and argued for an aggressive strategy toward black integration into American political and economic life.

My personal opinion of these great men is that to a degree they both had it right. Booker T. was speaking from what he knew. He was born a slave, and knew what it was like to lead a hard life. He learned early in life, that if we (black people), minded our own business and managed our own lives, we would be happy, and the whites would leave us alone. We did not have to compete with them, and should be happy learning a trade that would enable us to work and maintain our families. Never-mind any of the political aspects of life during the time, because that would only infuriate the whites, and ultimately get us killed. WEB on the other hand wanted us to fight for equality. We are no less a people than they are, and should have all the rights and benefits of life that the whites were/are entitled to.

Unfortunately many, or all of these issues are very prominent today.



Please note that this sample paper on Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



appitite for adreanline

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on appitite for adreanline. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality appitite for adreanline paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in appitite for adreanline, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your appitite for adreanline paper at affordable prices with !



In my mind it was one of the toughest challenges that I was about to face, as a teenager,

but I overcame all my fears for an adrenaline rush that I can still be feel through my

memories. Closing my eyes and thinking back to that hot, summer night at the Minnesota

metal festival, I can still hear the sweet riffs of Heavy metal in its purest form. The

livepaperhelp.com



drummer was on fire. The bassist was pure power. And the front-man had turned

everyone in the crowd, including myself, into pure energy.

The music had wrapped itself around and around inside of me. It took away my inabilities

and filled me with a new confidence. I had the power to do anything; and I wanted to be

on top of the world!

From the moment that thought had entered my head, I knew that I was able to make that

dream come true. I wanted to crowd surf. It was something I had never done before;

getting up over everyones heads and letting them push you towards the stage. Though at

that moment I felt gut-wrenching balls of fear up in my stomach. I asked my self, would I

make it all the way to the front? What if I fell? The big question that I was about to ask

myself, was what if I get hurt up there and the paramedics cant get past the crowd to get

to me, what will happen? Once I let my thoughts return to the music, I knew what lie

ahead of me. I tapped the nearest big guy on the shoulder and pointed towards the sky. He

nodded, grabbed my foot, and pushed me on top of the crowd. Once I was up there was

no turning back. Soon strong hands were surfing me towards the stage. I had the best

view in the house and stuck in the moment. An adrenaline rush that was only heightened

by the power of the music and the energy of the crowd fuelled me.

As I neared the stage, my heart started to beat out of control, cause there I stood on stage

with one of the greatest bands in the world. I took in the moment because I knew it was

just a matter of time until security reached me, so there I was head banging next to Niki

Sixx of Motley Crue as they played “Shout at the Devil“. It was the experience of a

lifetime and I almost let my doubts get the best of me . The last thing I thought as security

hit me from all sides was that I wanted to do it again



Please note that this sample paper on appitite for adreanline is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on appitite for adreanline, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on appitite for adreanline will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



"sweet valley high"

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on "sweet valley high". What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality "sweet valley high" paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in "sweet valley high", therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your "sweet valley high" paper at affordable prices with !





The character Jessica Wakefield in “Sweet Valley High”

Revised by Jessica Arredondo

Jessica Wakefield in Francine Pascal’s Sweet Valley High series is like no other ordinary girl. She is a beautiful, bright, get out of my way sixteen-year-old girl growing up in modern day Northern California. Jessica is very interesting because she is a cutting edge trendsetter like Gwen Stefani and Jessica does not take unreasonable orders or let herself be controlled by anyone because she is independent like Katie Boss. Jessica makes up one half of the wakefield identical twins, yet Jessica and her sister are a contrast in personalities. Whereas Elizabeth is she and studious, Jessica is self centered and often reckless. Never thinking before acting, Jessica finds, herself in many compromising situations as she races through a teens many misadventures, letting no one stand in her way. Self-centered to the core, Jessica feels that school and social functions do not truly begin until she arrives, proving her own theory by never wearing a watch and always showing up late.

livepaperhelp.com



Jessica is like every other teen girls She is totally self centered to the core. While on the phone, Jessica often accidentally “reminds the person on the other line, that school and other social functions do not truly begin without her, by simply adding it whenever talking about the subject. Jessica will do anything to acquire what she wants which includes a variety of choices that enable her to get what she desires. Some of the things, or choices, she makes give people certain impressions like when she often admits she is going to win every kind of competition, or that she will lie, cheat and deceive her way into getting what she wants. This also means that in a way she does not give up easily without an action or say in things.

Jessica is a very independent girl who does not let anyone push or boss her around. Jessica also doesn’t give up easily, because when Jessica sets her mind on something, it’s set for good. Before Jessica ever was teen, when was a child and that child was very self confident in whatever she did. As a child, Jessica tried a great selection of things to be done, for instants surfing and being a junior prom queen. Jessica trained all summer to accomplish the two new things, luckily Jessica accomplished one of them, being a junior prom queen but in surfing she got manipulated by a boy, for once.

As independent as Jessica’s is she still has a way of getting what she wants, manipulation. Before Jessica turned sixteen she showed three examples of manipulation Convincing acting, and persuading. First she convinced a boy she was royalty by acting elegant so he would pay for everything evertime they went out. Second, she pretended to be one of the “Preps” so she could make friends with the richest girl in school so that Jessica could expand her own wardrobe. The third and final example is when Jessica makes a boy fall in love with her because she wants to win a silly bet.

Now that you’ve heard all about Jessica Wakefield and some of her misleading adventures, you can read this uniquely adventurous teen book series. Jessica is a very unfictional character because she has so many life-like traits and qualities rather than just the normal character status. Jessica always has time to make fun of anybody; she manipulates people, constantly tells herself never to give up and still has time to be completely self centered. The more you read it the more you’ll keep wanting to continue turning the page. This is one teen book series you definitely don’t want to miss.



Please note that this sample paper on "sweet valley high" is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on "sweet valley high", we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on "sweet valley high" will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



The Beach

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on The Beach. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality The Beach paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in The Beach, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your The Beach paper at affordable prices with !



The Beach � Eli Rouimi Oct. 1, 0



I lock the door to my car as I take off with excitement towards the same path I take every day to get to the beach. I run fast with anticipation, not realizing that the knot holding my bathing suit tight to my waist is slowly untying. I must slow down. The setting sun looks like an immense yolk slowly evolving into an orange red color. I have goose bumps creeping up my bare arms and chest as the hasty wind comes rushing right past me. I’m as excited as a kid promised a pony ride.



livepaperhelp.com



I quickly make my way toward the beach chairs since my feet are sinking into the very hot sand, but the grainy sand is still comforting to the soles of my feet. Turning my head I can see the lengthy path of footsteps that I am leaving behind. I finally make it towards the beach chairs. I drop like a heavy rock that’s been at the edge of a cliff waiting to fall after many years. My mind instinctively goes blank. Everything I have done throughout the day is not rushing through my mind as it would, had I been lying down in my bedroom. All I can think about is the relaxing setting of the beach. The sounds I hear are harmonious. Seagulls peacefully squeak as they soar overhead searching for food. The wind whistles through the beach like a locomotive. As I daydream, the crashing sound of the waves thundering through my ears brings me back to reality.

I am awakened to see a peculiar figure that wants me to pay two dollars for sitting on the chair, because I am “using the beach’s services”. I pay the sum asked and it disappears. As my eyes stare straight up into the sky, I notice a kite rising above the clouds and soaring gracefully in the wind. My skin is turning red as the suntan lotion is starting to wear off. Both my hands are hanging by the sides of the beach chair. I feel the warm and fresh salty water creeping up towards the tips of my fingers. I get a tingling sensation that seems to travel all the way from my fingers up my arm and down my spine. Wow, what an astonishing and unusual feeling!

My lips are dry and I can taste the salty air enter my mouth when I yawn. A waitress comes by and asks me if I would like to order anything to drink. Even with the dry air making me very thirsty, I’m cheap and refuse to spend money on a drink that I can get for free at home. I don’t need this luxury to enjoy myself at the beach. Why is it that I can’t relax without being bothered? I try to keep in mind that the next time I come to the beach I will distance myself from everything around me. I feel that I am like the beach. I like a clear mind just like an empty quiet beach. Being here makes me feel like I’m in my own little world.



Struggling to get up from the beach chair, I feel the sand on the cheap plastic uncomfortably scraping against my back. The waves are magnificent and the water is invigorating. I make my way to the exciting blue waves that are waiting to carry me in and over as far as they can. As I make it to the surface of the water, the dry skin on the sole of my foot gets scratched up by the broken up sea shells. As I walk deeper and faster into the water, I’m like a small fish being swallowed by a huge killer shark. The salty waves come splashing into my face. A burning sensation reaches my eyes and I worry that I might become blinded.

Not having my eyes open for large waves, I am caught with one unexpectedly. The wave pushes me below the water’s surface and straight down towards the ocean floor. I’m being overpowered and controlled by one of god’s natural forces. However, being a good swimmer, I quickly take advantage of these waves to practice my swimming skills. As the day progresses, the sun light goes from orange red to purple to the eventual black of night. I rush back to shore and my feet get once again scratched up, this time even more so since it is dark. I hurry to grab my towel to warm me up since the coldness of the night is surrounding me. The people are gone. The waitress and the chair man are gone. The beach chairs are nicely stacked one on top of the other, ready to be spread out again the very next day. It is so quiet it feels like I’m deaf.

This day has been relaxing. I come here when I feel sad or when I just need to get away from everyday life. When I come to the beach I feel as if it were my real home, with a peaceful, comforting and soothing atmosphere. I wish more of life took place in an environment just like this one. The world would be a better place. Some people buy the sounds of the beach to bring it to their rooms. Being there is different.



Please note that this sample paper on The Beach is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on The Beach, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on The Beach will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



McDonalds' competitive advantage

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on McDonalds' competitive advantage. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality McDonalds' competitive advantage paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in McDonalds' competitive advantage, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your McDonalds' competitive advantage paper at affordable prices with !



McDonald’s

Competitive Advantage

McDonald’s competitive advantage is based on brand recognition. McDonald’s brand is well known in all markets, nationally and internationally. A new report by business intelligence firm shows how top corporations such as McDonalds’s, Coca-cola use their brands to strategically position themselves to gain and retain new customers, even in the most competitive markets. Brand recognition holds tremendous influence on consumer buying habits (Durham, 00).

In order to keep high levels on quality, customer satisfaction, and innovation, McDonald’s will launch in January 004, McDonald’s Real life Choices. The new initiative lets customers eat at McDonald’s and still follow a low fat, low calorie or low carbohydrate diet with the great taste and convenience of fast food (Newswire, 00).

livepaperhelp.com



McDonald’s continues at the top restaurants chains for the year 00, ranked by Share of United States systemwide sales, in percent 7.% vs. Burger King Corp., %.( Business & company, 00). Although this survey can only serve as an indicator of the market, the numbers indicate that McDonald’s has a competitive advantage over its competitors. In terms of profitability, the following table shows a comparison of McDonald’s profitability ratios, in 00, in comparison to the average industry, SIC 581- Eating Places

Ratio McDonald’s Industry (00)

Net Profit Margin (NPM) 7.7% .6%

Return on Investment (ROI) .7% 5.5%

Return on Equity (ROE) 8.7% 14%

Industry & Financial Consulting Services. D&B, Inc 00

From the data the ratio is higher than the average industry ratio, meaning the company got higher sales than the median industry. Also, this ratio expresses that for each $1 of sales, the company generates 7.7 cents of net profit.

The return on investment and the return on equity ratios measure in general the success of the company in generating profits (Fraser & Ormiston, 001). Comparing with the industry median ratios, McDonald’s is not well positioned for future growth.



Please note that this sample paper on McDonalds' competitive advantage is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on McDonalds' competitive advantage, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on McDonalds' competitive advantage will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



macroeconomy

0 comments

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on macroeconomy. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality macroeconomy paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in macroeconomy, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your macroeconomy paper at affordable prices with !



www.macroeconomicmodel.com 1

The Natural Price Theory and Macroeconomic Model

Gonzalo P�rez-Seoane



livepaperhelp.com



Abstract



The Natural Price Theory and Macroeconomic Model suggest the existence of a

natural economic order, an order which may be hidden in the very essence of

human social and intelligent behaviour, an order which would facilitate the

ultimate harmonisation of the actions of all individuals, peoples and nations, an

order which would make the world economic system, as a whole, both

understandable and rational. The Natural Price Theory and Macroeconomic

Model has its origin in the empirical analysis performed on the principal

macroeconomic variables of France, Belgium-Luxembourg, Holland, Germany,

Italy, United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark, Greece, Portugal, Spain, United

States, and Japan.



1.- The Natural Price Theory



The natural price theory suggests that every good or service may have two

distinct values. One visible, which would be the market price and the other,

which is permanently hidden, would be the natural value (or natural price).



The difference between the natural price and the market price of every good

and service would be inflation, which would imply a generalisation of the

Fisher effect in the economy or, in other words, defining this effect in terms of

the proposed hypothesis any market price existing in the economy is composed

of its natural value plus a certain level of inflation. The principal variations

that are observed in any market price are the result of the mood of inflation

over time (Other causes can affect the behaviour of market prices in a transitory

form supply-demand).



It would seem that, to date, the generalisation of the Fisher effect has not been

proposed in the terms described, and much less as a fundamental part of a

macroeconomic model, thus, this effect will be termed universal Fisher effect.



Natural

Value

Inflation

Market Price

Universal

Fisher Effect



Gonzalo Perez-Seoane

www.macroeconomicmodel.com

The central principle of the natural price theory and model is that the natural

value of every good and service is derived from the quantity and grade of

productive capacities and skills incorporated by unit of time or, in other words,

from the labour deployed in its production. The above gives a new perspective

on the theory known as the labour value theory. This theory, with different

emphases and various levels of development was maintained by Albert the

Great, Gerard Odonis, William Petty, Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Karl

Marx.



The changes in the natural prices will occur in line with modifications in the

labour standard of value or indeed with modifications in the quantity and grade

of the existing human productive capacities and skills. On the other hand, the

labour value of every productive activity, and therefore, the natural prices, is

supposedly fixed in terms relative to the other existing capacities and skills, so

that, as suggested by Leon Walras in a different theoretical context, all prices in

the economy are interconnected.



At present, Alfred Marshalls Law of Markets is the undisputed paradigm of

Economic Science. Thus, when the markets are in disequilibrium, it is assumed

that the adjustment variable is quantity, which implies that the equilibrium

price depends on the quantity supplied and demanded of the good.



D = Demand

S = Supply

Q= Quantity

P = Market Price



Contrary to one of the basic principles of Marshalls Law of Markets, natural

price theory, convinced of the existence of a natural or original value in each

and every good or service in the economy -a value derived from the hidden but

real functioning of the labour value standard- suggests that the quantity

supplied and demanded of good or service will tend to adjust to the natural

value of every good or service.



Vt= value of labour deployed in its production



Thus, the natural price theory may be summarised in the following diagram.

Dpx = � (Qx)

Spx = � (Qx)

Qdx = � (px) ⇒ px = � (Vtx)

Qsx = � (px) ⇒ px = � (Vtx)

The Natural Price Theory

www.macroeconomicmodel.com



Universal

Fisher Effect

Natural Price Theory

Equilibrium point

Qd = Qs

Qd,Qs = f (P)

P = f (inflation,

relative value of labour

incorporated)

Value

of labour

incorporated

Price

Quantity

po

Qo

Inflation

Demand(d)

Supply (s)

Market

price

Natural

value

Market Price

price derived from the

relative value of the labour

incorporated in a good;

this value is altered over

time by inflation and by

the supply and demand

Natural Value

price derived from the

relative value of the labour

incorporated in the good;

this value is altered over

time by the supply and

demand





All prices in the economy would perform and vary over time in accordance

with this theory, apart from the labour market and the price of money.



As may have been observed, the natural price theory combines three important

price theories from economic history



1.- The Labour Value Theory. The labour value theory, in a broad sense

proposes that human work is the absolute standard of value and so determines

the price of all goods and services. This theory with different emphases and

various levels of development was maintained by Albert the Great (106-180),

Gerard the Odonis (150-16), William Petty (16-1687), Adam Smith

(17-170), David Ricardo (177-18), and Karl Marx (1818-188).



.- Marshall’s Law of Markets. The theory of demand was introduced in a half-

hearted way by Richard Cantillon (174) and Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill

(1806-187) developed the theory, and Alfred Marshall (184-14) brought it

to its culmination.



.- The Fisher effect. The Fisher effect was developed by Irving Fisher (1867-

147); it is a theory on the price of money and its variation over time. Currently

it is the mainstay of global financial thought.

The combination of these three theories, in spite of appearances, arises neither

from an amusing game of chance nor from an intellectual demonstration of

Gonzalo Perez-Seoane

www.macroeconomicmodel.com 4

uniting distant economic areas. The combination arises, rather, as a result of

empirical demonstrations where the central doctrinal antecedent is Adam Smith

in his book The Wealth of Nations.



How does the natural price theory differ from Marshall’s Law of Markets, a

law which has been the mainstay of economic thought throughout the 0th

century?.



The natural price theory confirms, for every good and service, the existence of

the supply function, the demand function and the sensitive relationship existing

between these functions and the price of the good or service. However, in

addition, the natural price theory proposes that the interplay between supply,

demand and price, is just one of the three parts of the mechanism that would

seem to be capable of explaining the functioning of economics as a whole.



Thus, from the point of view of the natural price theory, Marshall’s Law of

Markets contributes an economic truth in an isolated way, it necessarily can

only give rise to a model of partial equilibrium, (just as Marshall himself

defined it). The extrapolation of Marshall’s Law of Markets as the mainstay of

a macroeconomic model, leads, inexorably, to normative macroeconomic

models, with no possibility of empirically verifying the complete

macroeconomic functioning. Marshall’s Law of Markets is correct but

incomplete.



The natural price theory tackles the problem of the functioning of any market

using an approach different to Marshall’s Law of Markets. While accepting the

existence of supply, demand and price for any market (good or service), as well

as the possible interrelationships of one market with another by reason of the

existence of complementary and substitutive products or services or as a

consequence of the income effect, the natural price theory views all these

relationships as transitory or circumstantial, when the effects are considered in

the short term.



The suggested validity of the labour standard value in the economy, a standard

which is highly stable over time, would imply that all market prices undergo

continuous corrections towards their true natural or intrinsic value, the value

derived from the hidden but real functioning of the labour standard. This

frenetic activity of market prices in the pursuit for their true natural value

would correct, over time, the transitory or short term alterations that may have

transpired. The above, if correct, means that all variables from the long term

perspective should exhibit completely rational economic behaviour over time, a

behaviour subject to the principles of the functioning of the labour standard

value, and this should be empirically demonstrable.

.- The Natural Macroeconomic Model



The Natural Price Theory

www.macroeconomicmodel.com 5

The concept of a natural macroeconomic model is nothing new in economic

thought (Physiocratic doctrine, Adam Smith, Jean Baptiste Say). The process

of natural wealth creation may be explained in the following form



Population

Growth

Natural Circle of Economic Growth

Increase in the

aggregate

natural demand

Increase in

income per capita,

spending and saving per capita,

investmet per capita,

national capital stock

Increase in the quantity and

grade of productive

capacities and skills

Increase in the

aggregate

natural supply

Division of labor,

accumulate knowledge,

innovation increase

in productivity

Increase in Population Increase in Active Population

Increase in the basic,

convenient, and

pleasurable needs of life

Progress effect propensity

of human being to

improve his material

standard of living

Seesaw effect

() Theory of human capital

Labour

Value Standard





The natural model establishes that the economic development of each nation

depends of the concourse and iteration of the following three factors over time



1.- Population growth. The natural model suggests that population growth is

the true and principal driving force of the global economic system.



.- Productivity.



.- The black and white effect.



The suggested process of wealth creation is in agreement with tradition and

economic doctrinal logic. However its clarity and practical simplicity is only

apparent. What happens in reality?.



.- Final Note



Gonzalo Perez-Seoane

The surprising and powerful empirical capacity of the Natural Price Theory

and Macroeconomic Model opens a new door to the comprehension and

analysis of the global macroeconomic phenomenon. It must be stated that the

conclusions about the behaviour of every variable suggested by the Natural

Model are extraordinarily close to orthodox Economic Doctrine.



With the hope that the Natural Model may, in the near future, constitute a

complete and efficient tool in the sphere of economic policy and a real

academic reference on the subject



thanking you for your interest,



Please note that this sample paper on macroeconomy is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on macroeconomy, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on macroeconomy will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!