english

0 comments

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on english. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality english paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in english, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your english paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Human Spiritual Structure Group Mind


There are many levels and types of group mind. Any time two or more human beings (or other animals) come together for a shared purpose they begin to form a group mind. This is a psychic structure that contains all the common thoughts, attitudes, pictures, and samskaras of the members of the group. If the group is large enough, or agressive enough, there will be a tendancy for individual minds to yield and conform to the group, even in the absense of overt coertion. The pressure of a strong group mind can be quite painful. [AHM]


The relationship between the individual mind and the group mind varies from culture to culture. In the U.S. the individual mind is supposed to dominate, and yet one still finds strong group minds in families, churches, sub-cultures, etc. In fact the lack of a clear social group mind (due to the breakup of families and other traditional social structures) is being filled in a great variety of ways. The banding together in groups of all sorts suggests that the participation in group minds is a fundamental part of the human experience. Very few are strong enough to remain completely apart, and it is possible that in the extreme this is an essentially unatural state of existance. [AHM] The relationship between the of the individual to the group mind is said by some to be a function of the first chakra.[AtS]


On the other hand in Japan the group is dominent over the individual, and many people have no clearly developed individual mind (at least not expressed). The group mind is strong and coherent, and requires the adjustment of individual minds within its scope, by shear weight if nothing else. There are actually many group minds, of family and village, male and female. These can feel supportive or sufficating depending on the perspective of the individual. When they wish to go in a different direction, it can be hard. In relation to this is may be that it enhances the exploration of ones spiritual self. There being no room for an external, or psychic individuality, one is forced to go inside to create personal space, perhaps on a spiritual level. [AHM]


Write my Essay on english

essay writing service



In this type of society the relationships are not so much those between individual people, as they between group minds expressed through certain individuals. This a marrage is not as likely to form a partnership, or a new group mind of two, as it is to represent a social contract between two representatives of the male and female group minds, or two families, etc. [AHM]


There may be cases in which one, or a few strong individuals can take over the control of the group mind. Perhaps at first they embody various unexpressed desires and emotions of the members of the group, but once in control they may direct the evolution of the group mind in directions, or to extents, that are beyond the bounds of the original individual minds. It is an interesting question to what extent this can be done, if there is not at least some resonance in the individual minds? This leads to the extremes of mob behavior, in which a primative, emotional group energy overwhelms the individual consciousnesses, to extreme social movements (sort of group psychosies), or to cults (in the negative, injurious sense). [AHM]


The relationship between the individual and the group is not simple, however. Group mind can support the individual to go beyond his or her conscious capacity, and can produce amazing results for the individuals and the group as a whole. As the group conscensious grows strong in a particular direction, however, it becomes harder to question, or to vary from the norm. If the individuals become engulfed in the group, i.e. cease having contact outside of the group, then there is no longer any reference, or independance. What was originally a mechanism to promote growth or evolution, can slip into being a mass delusion, or a constrictive and confining domination. This is the benefit of Satsanga, and the danger of the cult. [AHM]


In yogic terms group minds are a major source of imposed samskaras. [AHM]





Intentional Group Mind Formation


(an evolving experiment)


MAIN PROPOSAL


You are invited to participate in ongoing global meditations, in order to explore the principle of natural law known as group mind. Humanity is remembering its ancient roots of tribe and true community! These group mind experiments are spiritually oriented, and are aimed at the significant transformation of consciousness throughout society, and around the world. They are an actual opportunity to DO SOMETHING SIGNIFICANT to benefit the human condition, for mutual and planetary benefit.


Examples of group mind phenomena occur in nature, at all levels of universal organization. Group minds form all the way from the atomic realm, to the galactic, and from insects to international relations, in the intelligent organization of individuals into cooperating units. Every relationship of two or more people of similar Intent, creates a group mind. This fact reflects the connectivity and unity of all things in consciousness.


As individuals, we can band together to, pool the resources of our consciousness. We can spiritually generate, (Intend into place) the mutual benefits of love, clarity, greater energy, Divine/Natural connection, and progressive spirituality.


We see the formation of group minds at all levels of society, causing otherwise separate individuals to form collectives, based upon common cause. This phenomena can be easily witnessed in cases ranging from the enthusiasm of crowds at sporting events, the heated focus of political protests, the average couple, business meetings, think tanks, drumming circles, tribal gatherings and company projects, to the mutual rapture of sincere prayer meetings. Our entire global civilization in fact, exhibits collective impulses and actions, showing themselves in the trends of social thought. Through group mind influence we find enthusiasm for new styles, ways of living, and the simultaneous adoption of similar ideas, on a world-wide basis. This group/world consciousness of humanity has been called, the Noosphere, Gaia, World Mind, The Collective Consciousness, Global Unified Field, The Planetary (local) Presence of God, as well as many other names.


It can be observed that the thoughts and emotions of individual people are heavily influenced by collective attitudes, and in many cases, even governed by them. If we are to create a better world in which to live, and to further the ongoing evolution of humanity, then it would be wise to explore, understand and consciously experience, the exact nature of the group mind principle. It greatly influences every day and moment of our lives.


In short, the group mind principle of Nature states that;


The resulting force generated from the combining of like minds, is geometrically greater than the sum of its parts.


In other words, minds which are focused together upon a common theme, create a mutual force which is not merely additive, but vastly more powerful than any one individual or group of individuals.


As conscious beings who are self aware, we have the potential to make positive use of the group mind principle of nature, for the upliftment of the human condition. We can consciously build group minds which are based upon love, clarity and progressive Intent, and thereby bring about a new era for our species. This new era, or self-induced leap forward in evolution, can be molded through the considerable abilities of human consciousness to manifest, (Intend into place) our inner state of being. Current external circumstance, (society) is a reflection of our inner state of consciousness. When we shift this inner state, the outer condition of the world similarly shifts in reflection. We can help each other make this shift, by combining together our consciousness of love, clarity and progressive Intent. In so doing we make use of the group mind principle of Nature.


Therefore it is proposed, that the process of forming a Global Group Mind, continue without delay. The following events have occurred. and are still on-going…


Phase One (DISCUSSION) We have passed through this phase already, but discussion is, of course, ongoing. Primary to this forum has been a focus upon intentional group mind formation. Branches from this main subject have necessarily included related areas of mystical/scientific study, such as person to person psychic effects, the power of Intent or Intention, the prevalence of consciousness and its qualities, and how we can apply ourselves to natural laws. This discussion has been most productive within the context of achieving greater enlightenment, spiritual and self realization, and the transformation of the current planetary consciousness. Discussion has been held so far, on the United Communities of Spirit, (Planetary Awakening Key Net) and also on the World Mind Society discussion board.


Phase Two (INITIAL GLOBAL GROUP MIND MEDITATION) Phase two has also already been crossed, on Sunday, Sept. 4th. 000. This initial meditation was held at PM Pacific Standard Time on a global basis, with diverse participants and groups ranging from the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Israel, Mexico, Ireland and many other countries. Holding the meditation at a specific time, has allowed us to take full advantage of group mind effects through simultaneous, mutual focus. Much positive feedback has been given thus far regarding the experiences of various people around the world.


Since the meditations have been primarily based upon a document known as, The Perpetual Raising, these continue to be distributed widely. They are also available on the World Mind Society website. Many people have requested to teach the Perpetual Raising material in their existing groups, or to form new groups based upon the principles of natural law, which it contains. A small E-zine has been created entitled, The Global Group Mind Newsletter, which continues to quote personal experiences from the meditations. You are encouraged to give feedback as to your own group mind experience for publication. The newsletter contains suggestions for group consciousness expansion, natural principles equally applicable to any existing spiritual practice, and related articles.


Phase Three (THE COMPARING OF NOTES) We have passed through phase three, as of October 8, 000. Many participants have written about their experiences for discussion and publication to the world group. We explored the meaning, implication and spiritual purpose of the spiritual impact of these Global Group Mind Meditations. Particular focus continues to be given as to how we can improve and empower our group mind/meditational experience. We are then applying these insights in subsequent meditations. The meditations should evolve, just as we do.


Phase Four (ONGOING MEDITATIONS AND DISCUSSIONS) A regular schedule of Global Group Mind Meditations has now been established. They are being conducted on every second and fourth Sunday of each month, at PM PST, (Portland/Seattle time).


In this phase, we will continue to improve our global group mind cohesion, and spiritual determination. Our goal is to increase the collective effects of higher love, more profound clarity, higher energy levels, and more evolved Intentions, with each succeeding Sunday meditation. These procedures are all described in detail in the Perpetual Raising material. This information is gladly given upon request. Ultimately, we seek to transform the entire planetary consciousness or World Mind, to bring about a new enlightened Age.





Please note that this sample paper on english is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on english, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on english will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Political Party Persuasion

0 comments

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Political Party Persuasion. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Political Party Persuasion paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Political Party Persuasion, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Political Party Persuasion paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



The heads of political parties are always trying to find ways to persuade people to join them. Encouraging supporters to vote is perhaps the most obvious way in which party efforts can lead to electoral victories, and mobilization has been shown to increase turnout (Kramer 170). Political success, however, also depends on other forms of participation, and mobilization has also proven helpful in spawning campaign.


Mobilization is a costly activity, political parties are not able to mobilize all members of society. As a result, parties must be strategic in their efforts. I identify four primary strategic considerations. First, parties consider the participatory predispositions of individuals. That is, parties target individuals who are more likely to respond to mobilization, individuals who are more predisposed to activity by their individual characteristics.


Thus, predictors of voting (and other political activity) such as income, education, age, and party identification should also have positive effects on the likelihood of party mobilization efforts. While parties inevitably contact some individuals who are unlikely to participate, their financial and electoral needs promote greater attention to citizens who might be active even without recruitment efforts. At the same time that parties want their mobilization efforts to promote participation, they should not indiscriminately contact individuals likely to be active.


In attempting to win elections, parties should focus their efforts on individuals supportive of their party and its candidates and avoid mobilizing individuals who support their opponents (Kramer 170). Converting people predisposed to support the opposition party, if possible at all, will usually be quite expensive. Furthermore, contacting such people may stir their interest and spur them to action on behalf of the other party (Kramer 170).


Order custom research paper on Political Party Persuasion

essay writing service



An additional consideration entering parties’ mobilization decisions is the social positioning of individuals. Namely, parties are more inclined to mobilize individuals who have greater social connections. The returns on mobilization efforts can be greatly enhanced if those people targeted will in turn exert influence on others.


There is logic of party recruitment that suggests democratic and republican parties should exhibit different patterns in their contacting since each will attempt to contact individuals generally supportive of the party. Past elections show that neither party focused their recruitment on individuals identifying with their party (or the other party) in the 156 and 160 elections.


The elections of 164 and 168 involve a radically different role for party identification. As expected, both parties were more likely to contact their own identifiers than independents during this time. However, the trend of parties to contact identifiers was not limited to individuals with a similarity for their own party. Both the Democrats and Republicans also devoted significant enrollment efforts to identifiers of the other party. This tendency suggests that with the party system in change, the parties engaged in both mobilization of their own supporters and attempts at conversion.


The 17-000 results are generally consistent with strategic contacting. In this period, unlike the 156-160 period but like the 164-168 period, both the Democrats and Republicans have been significantly more likely to contact their own identifiers (at least strong and weak identifiers) than independents. Furthermore, with the exception of a Republican inclination to contact strong Democrats, the parties have abandoned their targeting of opposition identifiers witnessed during the 160s.


Strategic behavior of likely supporters is also evident in the tendency of Democrats, at least since 164, to contact individuals voting for their presidential candidate in the previous election. On the other hand, Republicans do not exhibit such a consideration. The social group variables also offer less than consistent support for the hypothesis that parties disproportionately recruit members of their support coalitions. While in each of the periods the Democratic coefficient for blacks is higher than that in the Republican equations, the differences are not as dramatic as one might expect. Furthermore, in only one instance is the effect of race statistically significant. In the 164 and 168 elections, Republicans made a concerted effort not to contact blacks.


The role of race is also evident in the estimates for the southern white variable. Here, both parties exhibit changes in their behavior over time. In the 156 and 160 elections, both parties were more likely to target southern whites. However, in the next two elections both parties have negative coefficients, and the Democrats were especially hesitant to contact southern whites at this time. Finally, in more recent elections neither party appears to exhibit a meaningful bias for or against the recruitment of southern whites.


For the religious groups, party targeting is also not quite as anticipated. For Catholics, the parties exhibit little differences. What is more notable is the tendency for both parties over time to enhance their efforts to mobilize these individuals. This trend probably reflects the increased role of Catholics as a swing group in more recent elections. For Jews, the findings offer no clear story. Gender distinctions in the contacting behavior of the parties also follow no apparent pattern. Finally, while Democrats appear more likely to contact members of union households than other individuals (with the coefficient estimate being positive in all periods -although significant only in the most recent period), this does not make them notably different from Republicans.


With respect to their consideration of individuals resources and electoral competitiveness, the parties exhibit some similarities and some differences.


Both the Democrats and Republicans aim recruitment efforts at more educated, wealthier, and older individuals. The Republican coefficients for the income and age variables exceed those for Democrats in each time period, probably reflecting differences in their support bases. However, these inter-party differences are not statistically significant.


Similarly, both parties factor in the closeness of elections in their mobilization decisions, especially in more recent elections. Yet, the Republicans appear


marginally more sensitive than are Democrats to election competitiveness.


Political parties exhibit many characteristics of strategic behavior when contacting citizens. Because mobilization efforts are most often designed to benefit candidates in elections, parties target individuals with higher underlying propensities for political participation. Thus, both Democrats and Republicans are more likely to recruit richer, more educated, and older individuals, as well as individuals who have previously voted. Parties also seek to maximize the impact of their contacts by targeting individuals who may, by virtue of their social situations, be able to mobilize fellow citizens.


In addition to personal characteristics, parties consider election competitiveness in their mobilization decisions, devoting more resources to areas in which contests are closer. The logic of mobilization outlined above also posited that parties consider the likelihood that potential targets for mobilization will support their party rather than the opposition. So, while both parties, for example, should devote disproportionate attention to richer individuals, this emphasis might be especially pronounced for Republicans due to the higher levels of support they enjoy from upper income groups. Similarly, the parties were expected to mobilize other members of their support coalitions on the basis of race, religion, gender, and union affiliation considerations. The findings here offer relatively weak support for such behavior.


Differences between the parties with regard to the group membership variables are generally in the direction anticipated, but the differences are quite modest. Furthermore, looking at each of the parties separately indicates that in the overwhelming majority of cases, neither party’s contacting efforts were significantly influenced by group membership. These findings are unanticipated in the theoretical model, and I speculate that parties may often attempt not to expend resources contacting groups very likely or very unlikely to vote for their candidates.


Although focusing contacting efforts on likely supporters is not consistently apparent with regard to social group membership, parties do seem to be more strategic in this regard at times. For example, as the Democrats became identified as the champions of the civil rights cause in the 160s and southern politics underwent a transformation, both parties devoted more attention to southern states. However, the parties did not mirror one another in their efforts, with Republican contacting being directed more toward whites and Democratic mobilization aimed at blacks.


Consideration of likely party support in contacting efforts also appears when one considers the role of party identification and previous voting behavior. Particularly in recent elections, and especially for Democrats, the parties tend to focus their efforts on individuals they reasonably feel will vote for their candidates. Differences across time and parties in the influence of these variables further underscore the dynamic nature of party contacting. While both parties engaged in significant recruitment of individuals identifying with their opponents during the upheavals of the 160s, neither has been as quick to do so in the past thirty years. This suggests that party systems in flux may encourage conversion efforts while stable periods of party competition promote mobilization of one’s own supporters. Emphasis on mobilization might be even more pronounced in systems, like that in place since 17, with low voter turnout. More generally, political parties should be expected to adapt to changes in the electoral environment and the findings here suggest that such adaptation occurs.


Parties adapt to changes in the electoral environment because they aim to win elections. As part of this effort, they use resources to mobilize citizens. Even in times of “weak” parties, substantial numbers of individuals are directly contacted by at least one major political party, and, in the most recent presidential elections, both the Democrats and Republicans have dramatically increased their contacting rates. While the parties contact individuals out of self-interest, their efforts do have the effect of promoting citizen participation.


Thus, at the same time that party contacting may worsen inequalities due to the consideration of socioeconomic status and previous participation in parties’ behavior. Contacting may contribute to the legitimacy of the political system, an especially important function in a period of low turnout.








Please note that this sample paper on Political Party Persuasion is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Political Party Persuasion, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Political Party Persuasion will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Henry Ford

0 comments

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Henry Ford. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Henry Ford paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Henry Ford, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Henry Ford paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!






Henry grew to dislike farm work and picked up a knack for machinery. In 187 he left his family farm near Dearborn, Michigan and headed for Detroit where he became an apprentice in a machine shop. Later, Henry’s father offered him forty acres of timber land to became a farmer and quit machinery; he accepted the offer and built a first class machinist’s workshop. Henry spent more time in Detroit and eventually left the farm by 181. Four years later, he became the chief engineer at the Detroit Edison Company; where he met one of his closest friends, and his biggest inspiration, Thomas Edison. At the turn of the century Edison blessed Ford in his quest for a efficient, gas powered, car.


In his spare time Henry was building an automobile with an internal combustion engine, which he completed in 186. Three years later, the Detroit Edison Company made Henry chose between automobiles and his job. He chose automobiles and later that year began the Detroit Automobile Company. His company failed when he had a disagreement with his financial sponsors. Then, Ford started the Henry Ford Automobile Company, which gained him some status through the building of racecars. By this time Ford had embraced the idea of a low priced car for the masses. His thought opposed the popular belief; that cars are only for the rich.


After Henry gained the status from his racecars, a Detroit coal dealer, Alex Y. Malcomson, offered to aid Ford in a new company. Founded in 10, the Ford Motor Company was a small $8,000 capitalization. By 10 Ford began making the Model A and followed by other model to the letter S. In 10 the decision to make only the Model T or the “Tin Lizzie.” The Model T was durable, easy to operate, and economical. Ford adhered to two principles cutting costs and increasing efficiency. Henry thought that the people who built the cars should


Buy custom Henry Ford term paper

essay writing service



be able to afford one themselves, so he paid them a real living wage double what the average wage of the time. Over time the Model T went for $850 to $60; that made it easier for the average person to have the luxury of a vehicle.


Henry knew that with all the cars that his company had built he would need a way to sell and service them. Ford’s “road men” were a familiar sight all across the county. In 11 there were more than Ford dealers across the country. These were all a part of Henry’s plan to keep business local. The vision of this young man helped create middle class in the U.S. by doubling the amount of people that live in the cities and raising employment wages.


Ford made sure the automotive infrastructure devolved with the cars. Henry began putting gas stations everywhere knowing that cars had to be fed like horses. He also campaigned for better roadways, which eventually led to an interstate highway system that is still an envy of the world.


Henry and his successful company changed the automotive industry forever. With the assembly line, higher wages, and cheaper cars Henry made it possible for the average person, in the early 100’s, to own the luxury of an automobile.


Work Cited


“Henry Ford” Encyclopedia of World Biography 18


18 Gale Research


Lamm, Michael. “100 years of Ford” Popular Mechanics


Feb 00 pg. 70


Iococca, Lee. People of the Century


1 US Simon and Schuster, 1


Please note that this sample paper on Henry Ford is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Henry Ford, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Henry Ford will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



bob marley

0 comments

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on bob marley. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality bob marley paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in bob marley, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your bob marley paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Bob Marley the Legend


During the 160’s, reggae music was created by combining the characteristics of the North American rock and African Jamaican music. This new style known as reggae had very much in common with rhythm and blues, though the textbook America’s Musical Landscape the author Jean Ferris states that, “the polyrythms are more complex, the bass lines are stronger, and the tempos more relaxed” (Ferris p. 07). The music of reggae gives a very soulful and religious feel to its listeners. Reggae music is closely related to the religious movement Rastafarianism, and so much of this genre of music has religious connotations explaining the singers beliefs and views on situations from a Rastafarian perspective (Bradbury p.).


Though the reggae music had been popular in other parts of the world in 160, especially England, it didn’t become popular music in the United States until a legendary performer named Bob Marley came onto the reggae musical scene. Bob Marley is without a doubt the king of reggae music and when you think of reggae Marley is probably associated. His words of wisdom reached to many people who were in a difficult situation; no matter what the problem maybe there is a Bob Marley song that can in some way or another relate. Marley grew up in the ghetto of Kingston, Jamaica known as Trenchtown. It was here that he went through his struggles with poverty, hunger, and the everyday struggles of being a poor black child in a poor third world country. Marley dropped out of school at the age of 15 to make money as a welder, and he spent all of his free time with his best friend Bunny perfecting his vocal skill (Miller p.1). In 16 musical friends Bob Marley, the Bunny, Peter McIntosh, and Junior Braithwaite started a reggae band the Wailing Wailers. Within their first year their first single “Simmer Down” was a number one hit in Jamaica and was putting the young men on a path to stardom. Though the band did not remain together after Bob Marley got married in 166. The other members of the band all went on to have successful careers as solo artists of reggae music, but none of them turned out to be as great as Bop Marley. Bob Marley changed his style of reggae, after his marriage and involvement in the Rastafarian movement, to send a more spiritual and social message to its listeners. Bob Marley formed his new band Bob Marley and the Wailers featuring a female trio of vocal harmony including his wife Rita, Marcia Griffith, and Judy Mowatt. The new group was set on spreading the message of “One love, one world” (Miller p.1).


The Rastifarian religious movement was based on the blending of the purest forms of both Judaism and Christianity. Though they differed very much from Christians, for they worshipped and prayed to Jehovah, their god. This religious form rejects the Babylonian hypocrisy of the modern church (Bradbury p.1). Their religion reflects the social and geographical environment in which they live. The use of marijuana is used as a sacrament and aid to achieve logical meditation in their religion. The Rasta leaders regarded marijuana as “wisdomweed” and urged that it be smoked as a religious right. They allege that marijuana was found growing on the grave of King Solomon and they cite biblical passages, Psalms 10414, to attest its sacramental propeties, “He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man, that he may bring forth food out of the earth” (Bradbury p.). This is very important because Bob Marley was obviously under the influence of marijuana during most of his writing and performances. Thus, this drug had an impact on the way that Bob Marley performed, wrote, and lived his life. Though the drug marijuana was very important to the Rastafarian religion they looked down on other things such as alcohol, tobacco, all meat, and seafood (Bradbury p.). They truly did not see anything wrong with the use of a drug that is illegal not only in their country, but in ours. Much of Bob Marley’s work has to do with his opinion of the drug.


Help with essay on bob marley

essay writing service



I am going to compare and contrast three of Bob Marley’s most famous and listened to works. The songs “No woman no cry”, “Get up, Stand up”, and “Jammin” all are on a collection of Bob Marley’s greatest hits album Legend. The album which came out after his death has sold more than ten million copies and the United States and around twenty million throughout the rest of the world (BobMarley.com/ lyrics p.1). The greatest hits album combines the best songs from the twelve albums he made as a musician in his short, but successful life. The three songs that I am comparing all have very different meanings and are suppose to make you feel the situation as well as hear about it. They all involve the members of Bob Marley and the Wailers which was Marley’s second band. They all also involve different rhythms and beats to which the vocals are played.


The first song “No Woman no cry” was originally recorded for the 174 release “Natty Dread”. The song is a deep reminiscence of Bob Marley’s impoverished life in Trenchtown (Miller p.). The song was dedicated to his brethren and friend known as Tarter. Had it not been for Tarter’s household kitchen, Bob Marley would have gone without food on occasion; starved. Tarter is referred to in the song as one of the “good friends we have had, oh one of the good friends we’ve lost along the way” and in the next verse he says, “in this bright future you can’t forget your past”. Bob Marley is acknowledging the things that his friend Tarter did for him in the past and how even though he is now a star he will not forget what got him here. The man Georgie who he talks about in the song, “and then Georgie would make the fire light”, is also a real person to whom Marley is giving his respects. The man Georgie would make a fire so that Bob and his friends could play into the night and he to would feed the children. Marley goes on to the chorus “ev’rything’s gonna be alright” which they say is talking to the people of Trenchtown and how problems in life will work themselves out just as it did for him, with the help of everyone around them (Miller p.). The song has a polyphonic texture and is very relaxed, and it is also very sad and uplifting at the same time.


The second song “Get up, Stand up” is also one of Marley’s greatest songs and in terms of his Rastafarian beliefs it is probably his most important and influnetial songs. The song was performed with former band member Peter McIntosh, known in the reggae world as Peter Tosh. The song first appeared on their album “Burnin” and is known as the Rasta anthem throughout much of the world. The chorus repeats the verse “get up, stand up, stand up for your right, get up, stand up, don’t give up the fight” His first line says “preacher man don’t tell me heaven is under the earth, I know you don’t even know what life is worth”. Bob Marley is stating here that heaven is not in the earth, but that heaven is being on earth and the time we get to spend on earth is what heaven is all about. Bob Marley says that “die and go to heaven in Jesus name, Lord we know when we understand almighty God is a living man”. I believe that this means that he feels that God is in every person who walks the earth and that everyone is god on a planet that is heaven. The entire song is about Bob Marley’s feelings of religion and how they can apply they apply to “one love, one world”. This song was writen in a polyphonic texture as well but it does not have the same relaxed rhythm that “no woman no cry” has, instead it is more in a chant form with a strong beat.


The third and final song “Jammin” was called “an anthem for Bob’s righteous journey of uniting sufferahs through the power of music” (Miller p.4). This song is the signature song of Bob Marley, it shows the feel good, happy sounds of reggae music. He talks about getting over an obsticle or problem by “jammin” and having fun, dancing with someone that he has fallen in love with. His lyrics want you to show you that he feels invisible when he is with the woman, “ain’t no rules, ain’t no vow” and “no bullet can stop us now”. This piece as well as the others is in a polyphonic texture that is very upbeat and a feel good song to listen to. Bob Marley wrote this song after meeting his wife Rita Anderson for the very first time and he wrote the song about her before they were married, but he says that he knew someday she would be his wife (Miller p.4).


The reggae music of today and tomorrow has its inspiration in the legendary music and life of Bob Marley. He helped to develop reggae music to the mainstream United States and throughout the world, he helped to further develop the Rastafarian religious movement and he spoke his words of peace and wisdom to all. Bob Marley was a man who had a very important message to make the world through his music and unfortunately he died at the early age of 6 and we did not fully get to appreciate all that he did for the music industry and the listeners of his music. Remember Bob Marley by he felt about humanity “One love, One World”.








Please note that this sample paper on bob marley is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on bob marley, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on bob marley will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



Witches in Macbeth

0 comments

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Witches in Macbeth. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Witches in Macbeth paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Witches in Macbeth, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Witches in Macbeth paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



The Three witches in the tragedy Macbeth are introduced right at the beginning of the play. They recount to Macbeth three prophesies. That Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor, Thane of Glams and King. These prophesies introduce Macbeth to ideas of greatness. Macbeth will eventually follow through on killing king Duncan. It was sometimes thought that the witches had the ability to reverse the natural order of things.


This brings into the play idea of fate and the role with which it has in the play. One can ponder if Macbeth ever had a chance of doing what was right after he met with the witches.


It is however, more realistic to believe that Macbeth was responsible for his own actions throughout the play and in the end it was he who made the final decisions.


The witches could foretell the future, they can add temptation, and influence Macbeth, but they can not control his destiny. Macbeth creates his own misery when he is driven by his own sense of guilt. This causes him to become insecure as to the reasons for his actions which in turn causes him to commit more murders. The witches offer great enticement, but it is in the end, each individuals decision to fall for the temptation, or to be strong enough to resist their captivation. The three Witches are only responsible for the introduction of these ideas and for further forming ideas


Order College Papers on Witches in Macbeth

essay writing service



in Macbeth head, but they are not responsible for his actions throughout the play. Lady Macbeth is shown early in the play as an ambitious woman with a single purpose. She can manipulate Macbeth easily. This is shown in the line That I may pour my spirits in thine ear. (I,V, 6)


She is selfless, and wants what is best for her husband. Before the speech that Lady Macbeth gives in act one scene five, Macbeth is resolved not to go through with the killing of the king. However, Lady Macbeth manipulates at Macbeths self-esteem by playing on his manliness and his bravery. This then convinces Macbeth to commit regicide. It is like a child who is easily guided. Lady Macbeth knows this and acts on it accordingly.


Although Macbeth has the final say in whether or not to go through with the initial killing, he loves Lady Macbeth and wants to make her happy. Lady Macbeth is the dominating individual in the relationship which is shown in her soliloquy in Act 1 Scene


It seems that she can convince him to do anything as long as she pushes the right buttons. On the other hand, as the play progresses, and Duncan is killed, there is a reversal of natural order, and Macbeth becomes the dominating partner. Lady Macbeth becomes subservient. She becomes pathetic and only a shadow of her former self. Ambition plays a large role in this tragedy. Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have vaulting ambition that drives them. Lady Macbeths ambition drives her to manipulate Macbeth into committing regicide. Macbeths fierce ambition is present before the witchs prophesies. He would never have thought seriously about killing Duncan without the witches. Yet the combination of both his ambitious nature and the initial prophesies leads him to kill the king. It is Lady Macbeth who states Thou wouldst be great/ Art not without ambition. Macbeth states that it is his besetting sin I have no spur/ To prick the sides of my intent, but only/ Vaulting ambition. Macbeths continued ambition is present in his wanting to have a succession of kings after him. Macbeths Ambition is deep within him and because of this, both the witches and Lady Macbeth are able to sway him to evil. It is this ambition that gets him into so much trouble initially.


Once Macbeth kills for the first time, he has no choice but to continue to cover up his wrong doings, or risk loosing everything he has worked so hard for. In the end, it all comes to Macbeth himself.


Everyone is responsible for his own destiny. This is an essential theme in this tragedy. Macbeth chooses to gamble with his soul and when he does this it is only him who chooses to lose it. He is responsible for anything he does and must take total accountability for his actions. Macbeth is the one who made the final decision to carry out his actions. He made these final decisions and continued with the killings to cover that of King Duncan.


The killing of Duncan starts an unstoppable chain of events in the play that ends with the murder of Macbeth and the suicide of Lady Macbeth. Macbeth chooses to murder Duncan. Macbeth, in the beginning had all of the qualities of an honorable gentleman who could become anything. This is all shattered when his ambition overrides his sense of morality. Although Macbeth is warned as to the validity of the witches prophesies, he is tempted and refuses to listen to reason from Banquo. When the second set of prophesies Macbeth receives begin to show their faults Macbeth blames the witches for deceiving him with half truths. While the witches are not totally responsible for the actions of Macbeth, they are responsible for introducing the ideas to Macbeth which in turn fired up Macbeths ambition and led to a disastrous and unnecessary chain of events.


The belief in the existence and power of witches was widely believed in Shakespeares day, as demonstrated by the European witch craze, during which an estimated nine million women were put to death for being perceived as witches (The Burning Times). The practice of witchcraft was seen to subvert the established order of religion and society, and hence was not tolerated. Witch hunting was a respectable, moral, and highly intellectual pursuit through much of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries (Best ). The belief of the majority during the seventeenth century suggests that the witches are powerful figures who can exercise great power over Macbeth; however, strong arguments to the contrary were in existence at the same time. The intensity of the tragedy is dependent on whether the witches are perceived to be able to control the otherwise innocent Macbeths actions, or if he is entirely responsible for his own demise.


Although not a secret, black, and midnight hag (4.1.48), as an evil female, Lady Macbeth could be considered a witch according to the standards of Shakespeares day. In the same way that witches subvert the natural order of religion and society, Lady Macbeth subverts the order of the sexes and the family by trying to have more power than the head of the family, her husband. Not only does she act out of order, but several of her actions imply that she is actually witch-like. Firstly, it was widely believed in Europe for centuries that sorcery could cause impotence (Cotton 0). In the preface of Daemonologie, King James I asserts the power of witches to weaken the nature of some men, to make them unavailable for women (qtd. in Best). A major textbook for witch hunters, Malleus Maleficarum, describes how witches are able to make men impotent, or even make their penises disappear (qtd. in Best).


Although he is not made physically impotent, Lady Macbeth challenges her husbands manhood by being more aggressive than he is, taunting him, and suggesting, When you durst do it, then you were a man(1.7.55). Secondly, Lady Macbeth calls upon seemingly malevolent ...spirits/ That tend on mortal thoughts (1.5.40-41) to aid her in her plot to overcome her husbands reluctance and to force him to kill Duncan. Although devotedly loyal, she rejects her subordinate role as wife and asks to be transformed ...into an instrument of death whose cruelty transcends the limitations of her sex and of her mortal nature (Truax 68). Finally, the fact that she works with the Weird Sisters to influence Macbeth suggests that she is at least indirectly allied with them.


Not all of Shakespeares contemporaries agreed with witch hunters. Reginald Scots The Discoverie of Witchcraft suggests that although witches do exist, they do not possess the powers attributed to them but instead their claimed effects were coincidental and the will of God, and that those persecuted as witches were ill, foolish, deluded, or senile (qtd. in Best) . Johann Weyer similarly argued that those who were normally burned as witches had not actually made a pact with the devil but were suffering from some sort of illness (qtd. in Estes 456).


The audiences beliefs of whether or not the witches actually have power over Macbeth influence their interpretation of whether his actions result from personal choice or from external influence. Macbeth retains a heroic aura as long as he either is able to use his free will and personal choice to resist the witches influence, or if he is believed to be powerless against the external evil influences of his wife and the witches. Thomas Cooper writes in his 1617 work The Mysterie of Witchcraft, Satan cannot preuaile effectually vpon any to their condemnation, vnless with full confent they yeelde themfelues wholy to his fubjection (Cooper 60). According to this, Macbeth should be able to resist temptation by not giving his consent. Initially Macbeth listens to the witches, rapt (I..14), but he is able to retain the ability to act as a morally responsible person and control his ambition.


After considering that he could commit murder to achieve what the witches propose, he stifles the idea, saying, If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me/ Without my stir (1..14-44). However, in the second act, he no longer attempts to stifle his conscience, but instead seems to accept the murder as an inevitable act beyond his control, saying, I go, and it is done the bell invites me (.1.70). In my opinion, when Macbeth surrenders himself to his wifes demands and tauntings, he is not bewitched but merely has succumbed to his pride.


Despite Macbeths attempt to place the blame away from himself, Lady Macbeth retains her mortal form and temporal powers; she has simply touched on the deep-seated ambitions and greed that were already present in him (Truax 70). The fact that he no longer accepts the responsibility for his actions does not mean that the responsibility is removed, and eventually he must pay the consequences for his choice.


For most of Shakespeares contemporary audience, Macbeth would appear to be at the mercy of the witches and therefore not entirely responsible for his actions. In my opinion, it is easier to muster sympathy for a person who is not entirely to blame for their actions; in the case of Macbeth, the tragedy is more successful if the popular seventeenth century mentality is adopted and thereby the witches and Lady Macbeth are made partly to blame for his downfall.


Macbeth’s Evil Witches





The witches are seen as being evil. This is because at the time, witches were accepted as being real and evil. Shown in the play because the first scene is thunder and lightning, which is associated with terrible happenings and things so suggests witches are terrible things. They speak in rhymes and use many equivocal terms e.g. ‘Fair is foul, and foul is fair’. This suggests reversal and unbalance, which leads to chaos and disorder in Macbeth’s life. This is suggested because they immediately mention Macbeth so he is already associated with the witches and seen as being evil. The chaos is also shown in the natural world by the weather and natural events.


Act 1 Scene , there is thunder when the witches meet again. The idea of them being evil is reinforced because in this scene because they are cursing a sailor. This suggests that Macbeth will also face a similar type of treatment. The mystery of the witches is increased in this scene because they know Macbeth is coming when the third witch tells the other two, ‘Macbeth doth come.’ This raises the question of how they knew he was coming and reinforces the link between Macbeth and the witches, which suggests to the audience that Macbeth is evil from the beginning of the play. This link is further reinforced when Macbeth’s first line using the same equivocal as the witches, ‘So foul and fair a day I have not seen’.


Banquo is wary of the witches and does not really want to believe that they really because he says ‘That look not like th’ inhabitants o’ th’ earth’, which adds further to their mystery because they are described as being unnatural. However, the suggestion that Macbeth is somehow acquainted with them is again shown when he talks to them directly without fear and asks What are you?’ Nevertheless, this shows to an extent that Macbeth also saw the witches as being unnatural because he enquires about what they are but he does not appear to be afraid.


They then avoid this question and tell Macbeth his prophecies as though this was the purpose all along. Their prophecies give rise to the question whether they knew that he was already Thane of Glamis and the next Thane of Cawdor. This adds to the mystery of the witches and provides some more evidence of the suggestion that they were well acquainted with Macbeth.


After the witches have told Macbeth his prophecies, Banquo begins to ask about himself and is told with an equivocal that his children will be Kings but he will not. I believe that during this time Macbeth is thinking deeply about what he is told because as soon as the witches have finished telling Banquo, Macbeth becomes even more inquisitive. He says to them, ‘Stay you imperfect speakers, tell me more’. This tells us that he has also picked up the fact that they are speaking equivocally because he says that their speech is imperfect. Nevertheless, he asks them to tell him more, which suggests that he understands the speech of the witches, reinforcing the idea that he is well-acquainted with them and understands them. He speaks to the witches without fear and says to them ‘Speak, I charge you’. However at this point they disappear, which reinforces the mysteriousness of them and suggests that even Macbeth cannot control them, giving us the impression that they are the most powerful characters in the play.


However, Macbeth does not seem it unusual that they have disappeared and simply answers to Banquo ‘Melted, as breath in the wind. Would they had stay’d’. This reply tells us that he is more concerned with what the witches had to tell him.


He tells Banquo ‘Your children shall be Kings’, which was the one prophecy the witches told using an equivocal. This further reinforces the suggestion that Macbeth fully understands the language and nature of the witches. This conversation between Macbeth and Banquo, after the witches leave, are the first signs that tell us that Macbeth is deeply interested in the prophecies of the witches and what they had to say.


The point at which Macbeth begins to believe everything the witches tell him is when Ross tells him that he has become the Thane of Cawdor. However, Banquo is prepared to say that the witches are evil, which suggests that he is a good character because the witches were seen as evil and anyone thinking otherwise would be seen as being evil. We know that Banquo sees the witches as being evil because he calls them ‘the Devil’.


Macbeth immediately asks Banquo whether he hopes his children will be Kings, which tells us that he trusts the witches fully. However Banquo is much more wary and knows the evil nature of the witches and so refuses to believe them.





Please note that this sample paper on Witches in Macbeth is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Witches in Macbeth, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on Witches in Macbeth will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



luke

0 comments

If you order your research paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on luke. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality luke paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in luke, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your luke paper at affordable prices with livepaperhelp.com!



Tunics of the Eye


1. Fibrous � outer protection and support. (cornea and sclera ᠖ white shit of eye)


a) cornea


• makes up the anterior 1/ of the eye


Order College Papers on luke

essay writing service



• for light refraction or light bending and its non elastic


• only organ transplanted from one individual to another without rejection


• lots of collagen fibers


b) sclera


• makes up the posterior / of the eye/tunic


• it is non-elastic also


• anchors extrinsic eye muscles LR6[SO4]


• the optic nerve, CN II , pierces the sclera which causes a blind spot known as the optic disc


• maintains shape of eyeball because of the vitreous humor. The cornea and lens are part of refraction, but the lens is not a tunic. The lens is elastic and can change. The cornea is non elastic. The cornea is the most important when dealing with refraction.


• anterior part of eye deals with HO secretion


posterior part of eye  has a gel like substance known as the vitreous humor which gives the eyeball its shape


. vascular �anoterh name is UVEA, middle layer


• lens is avascular and is not part of any tunic even though it is involved with refraction


• the iris is part of the vascular tunic it allows for diffusion


a) choroid � contains malnocytes and serves to absorb light and prevent light from scattering with in the eye ball itself


b) cilliary muscle body � continuation of choroid made of smooth muscle attaches to suspensory ligaments and to the lens


c) iris � is a continuation of the cilliary body/ cilliary muscle. It encircles the lens.


1. visible colored portion of our eye


. allows for process of diffusion of O and nutrients in monomer units, glucose, amino acids to enter lens


d) pupil � allows light to enter lens


. sensory (neural component)


• neural tunic, has photoreceptors rods and cones, has macula lutea and fovea centralis


• it involves photoreceptors rods and cones


• optic disc � blind spot (part where optic nerve pierces sclera, no photo receptors are found here)


• macula lutea � found lateral to the optic disc and are oval in structure; fovea centralis lies here


• fovea centralis � pinpoint structure of the macula lutea, contains cones only (no rods) greatest point of central vision, or visual acuity (color vision, central vision, bright light)


Photoreceptors


Rods Cones


1. More numerous than cones but less specialized 1. Less in number than rods but more specialized


. dim light � more active, functional in establishing peripheral vision and black and white . Function best in bright light involves with central vision (visual acuity) distinguish color


Cilliary muscle/ cilliary body � really different types of muscles


1. radial muscle � (longitudinal), important in distinguish dim light


. circular muscle � cones, color, central vision, close vision


Light Adaptation vs. Dark adaptation


1. Light adaptation � it is what happens to photoreceptors as you go from a dark room to a light room. Occurs very fast 5- 10 minutes, cones are more active and the rods are inactivated.


. Dark adaptation � it is what happens when you go from a light room to a dark room, this occurs more slowly, about 0 minutes. The rods become active and the cones become inactivated


• Visual acuity/central vision improves as you go from dark to light room but from light  dark peripheral vision improves. Rods become activated, less specialized so it takes longer.


Color blindness � genetic predisposition problem with hereditary; sex linked characteristic, found more so in males; problem between red and green. Chris Storms


Night blindness � nyctolopia, prolonged deficiency in vitamin A, rods themselves cause rod degeneration


Homeostatic Imbalances of the Eye


1. emmetriopia � normal vision


. myopia � nearsighted, image converge in front of retina instead of striking the retina, problem is fixed using a concave lens


. hyperopia � farsightedness, image converges behind retina instead of striking retina, problem is fixed using a convex lens





Please note that this sample paper on luke is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on luke, we are here to assist you. Your persuasive essay on luke will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from livepaperhelp.com and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!